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Volume 26(3), Autumn 2016

Commissioned paper

Fluid therapy in dogs and cats


by Leona Lexmaulová Raušerová

How much fluids?


How would you rehydrate a patient weighing 10 kg with dry mucous membranes, mild skin tenting and a slightly prolonged CRT? ...

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Correcting hypovolaemia


The goal of therapy in non-bleeding, hypovolaemic patients is to achieve optimal physiological circulatory parameters.

Paediatric patients



Paediatric patients (puppies, kittens under 12 weeks of age) must be considered separately from adults due to their many anatomical and physiological differences. The most important difference regarding fluid therapy is the high water content ...


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Critically ill dogs and cats are commonly hypovolaemic and/or dehydrated and fluid therapy is necessary for the correction of these abnormalities. The fluid deficit in the intravascular and/or extravascular space is estimated based on clinical examination. Many types of fluids exist. The results of blood gas and acid-base analysis, and serum biochemistry are essential in selecting the best solution for the correction of the presenting abnormalities in the body. However, should blood gases/acid base analysis not be available, biochemical profile findings can be a good alternative for assessing the acid-base

status of the patient. Following selection of the appropriate fluid, careful monitoring is important for optimizing on-going fluid requirements and recovery of critically ill patients.