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Volume 25(4), Winter 2015

Reprint paper

A retrospective survey of ocular abnormalities in pugs: 130 cases

by Marion Krecny, Alexander Tichy, James Rushton and Barbara Nell


Sore eye

Due to the marked number of pugs with corneal pathologies without underlying keratoconjunctivitis sicca an influence of additional contributing factors (e.g. abnormal tear film composition) is assumed ...

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Predisposed pugs

A number of ocular disorders have been described in the pug, some of which are related to the unique anatomical properties of this breed. ...

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and frequency of ophthalmic findings in pugs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records of pugs presented to an ophthalmology unit between 2001 and 2012. Ophthalmological findings were correlated with age, gender, presenting signs and time of onset of disease. ...

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