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Volume 25(4), Winter 2015

Reprint paper

Diagnosing IBD

Relationship between ultrasonographic findings and histopathological diagnosis in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease

by Miriam Martinez, Francisco José Pallarés, Maria del Mar Sempere, Marta Soler,

Agustina Anson, Juana Carrillo, Amalia Agut

What’s your diagnosis?


Look at the ultrasound and histopathology images and take an educated guess. Click on the images to find out more.

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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a group of disorders characterized by persistent, recurrent and nonspecific gastrointestinal signs of undetermined cause, associated with histopathological

evidence of mucosal inflammation. The diagnosis of these diseases is a challenge, and intestinal histopathology is always required to establish a definitive diagnosis. Abdominal ultrasound is a useful tool in the diagnostic approach to gastrointestinal diseases, because the morphology of the gastrointestinal tract can be evaluated. ...


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Ultrasonographic abnormalities were observed in 17/22 dogs with GI signs with a duration of 3 weeks to 2 years. There were no ultrasonographic changes in 5/22 animals.

Lymphadenopathy was reported in 10/17 dogs while the short/long axis ratio remained normal (<0.5). The duodenal wall was thickened in 5/17, ...


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Ultrasound findings



The most common sonographic abnormalities in the study were enlargement of the regional lymph nodes, enlargement of the duodenal wall thickness, abdominal effusion and poor intestinal wall layer definition.

In conclusion, the authors found ultrasonography ‘a useful technique to assess the gastrointestinal tract and to detect sonographic ...

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