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Volume 25(2), Summer 2015
Practical bone marrow cytology
in the dog and cat
by Mathios Mylonakis, Aristodimos Hatzis
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Bone marrow aspiration cytology is a cost-effective diagnostic tool, which provides excellent morphological detail of cells and infectious agents. Complications associated with BM aspiration are rare and the equipment required minimal, which accounts for the popularity of this procedure in the clinical setting of companion animal medicine.
A systematic approach
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In companion animal medicine, bone marrow (BM) aspiration cytology is a cost-effective diagnostic tool, which provides excellent morphological detail of cells and infectious agents. The major indications for BM aspiration include: unexplained clinical manifestations (e.g. fever, weight loss), persistent haematological or biochemical abnormalities (e.g. anaemia, leukocytosis), diagnosis and/or staging of malignancies (e.g. lymphoma, mast-cell tumour), diagnosis of important infectious diseases such as leishmaniasis
(Leishmania infantum) and canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis) and evaluation of canine iron stores. ...
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